Dr. Laurence J.N. Cooper obtained his M.D. and Ph.D. degrees at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland and then training in Pediatric Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplantation (BMT) at the Fred Hutchinson cancer Research Center in Seattle. He joined M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in 2006 and currently leads the Pediatric Cell Therapy service (formally named the BMT program). In addition to caring for children, adolescents and young adults undergoing autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT), he runs a laboratory translating immunology into clinical practice. His program has multiple investigator-initiated trials that infuse T cells and NK cells to target malignancies. The adoptive transfer of lymphocytes represents the future of HSCT as he and other investigators enhance the potency of the immune system to eliminate residual cancers.